Tuesday, January 1, 2013

Historic Cultural Places and Famous Monuments of India (G-J)


We are continuing our list of Historical Cultural Places in India in Alphabetical Order.  Last one we published was Historic Cultural Places and Famous Monuments of India (C-F) . India has got many significant landmarks which holds a great importance and have got their own ancient stories. So lets begin with it.



Golconda


Situated about 8 km. west of Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh, Golconda was the capital of the Qutab Shahi Kingdom. From 1515 till 1591 when the capital was transferred from Golconda to Hyderabad. However, even after the transfer of their capital to Hyderabad, Golconda continued to remain the military headquarter of the Qutab Shahi's. Under the Qutbshahi's Golconda not only emerged as the greatest metropolis of the Deccan but also rose into an internationally known commercial centre. It was acknowledged as the diamond mart in the world and one of the greatest centre of textile industry and trade. The fort of Golconda is one of the best known forts of the Deccan. To the north of the fort there are numerous tombs of the Qutbshahi rulers.



Goa


GOALocated on the western coast of India, the ancient name of Goa Gomantak. The Arab writers called it Sindavur. In the 14th century, Goa as one of the most important emporia on the western coast and also one of the greatest centres of Arab trade being the greatest disembarkation point for the imported Arabian horses. In 1510, the Portuguese captured Goa from the Adilsahi Sultan of Bijapur. The Portuguese continued to occupy Goa from 1510 to 1961. Under the Portuguese old Goa was known as the Rome of the east and was a typical European settlement where the trade between the east and west met.



Gwalior


Located in Madhya Pradesh, Gwalior derives its name from historic rock- fortress built on an isolated hill, which is variously referred as Gope Parvat or Copagiri etc. In the medieval period Gwalior was ruled by Gurjar Pratiharas, the Chandelas and Kacchapaghatas, the Sultans of Delhi, the Tomar Chiefs etc. The Tomar Chief founded an independent state of Gwalior in 1424. The greatest king of this dynasty was Mansingh, who adorned the hill castle with several new buildings and constructed many irrigation works. Under him Gwalior also became a great centre of Hindustani music. During the Mughal period, the fort of Gwalior was used as a state prison where princes and chiefs were kept imprisoned. On the model of the fort of Gwalior, Akbar and his successor modelled the Mughal forts. Besides the fort, the Tomar King Mansingh also built the Man Mandir, Gurjari Mahal etc. The dome of Tansen, a celebrated musician of Akbar's court is also at Gwalior.



Halebid or Dwarsamudra


Situated in the Hassan district of Karnataka, Dwarsamudra, now known as Halebid. was the capital of the Hoysalas from the 11th to 14th centuries A. D. The city was destroyed by Malik Kafur in 1311. Under the Hoysalas Dwarsamudra rapidly grew as a splendid city with numerous architectural gems of the Hoysala Art. The most remarkable of these are the Hoyasaleshvara and Kedareshwara temples



Hampi or Vijayanagar


Situated on the southern bank of Tungabhadra in Bellari district of Karnataka, Hampi is the present name of Vijayanagar which was the capital of the great empire of Vijayanagar from 1336 to 1565. During its hey days, the city of Vijayanagar was the glory of medieval India and various foreign visitors from different parts of the world compared it to the great cities of their times. It was compared with Rome, Milan, Venice, London, etc., and still the foreign travellers considered that this was "the best provided city in the world". After the defeat of the Vijayanagar, forces in the battle of Talikota in 1565, the city was badly destroyed by the civtorious troops of the Deccani states. The ruins of ancient Vijayanagar are spread in Several kilomteres. Some of the surviving monuments at Vijayanagar are Kriihnaswami Temple, Vitthalswami temple, the Lotus Palace the Maharangamandapa with its world famous musical pillars etc.


Hastinapur


Situated on the banks of Ganges In Meerut district of Uttar Pradesh, Hastinapur was the capital ol Kauravs and the Pandavas of the Mahabharata, which gives the detailed account of the city. Hastinapur was once a splendid city from where five periods of occupation have been unearthed during the archaeological excavations, Hastinapur is an important painted Greware Site.

Hyderabad


Char Minar HyderabadLocated on the bunk of river Musi, Hyderabad now the capital of Andhra Pradesh was founded by Sultan Mohammad Quli Qutb Shah In 1591, as the new capital of the Qutb Shah Kingdom. The new city was built in the form of a joint double cross. Of the many buildings raised in the new capital by Mohammad Ouli, the Char Minar occupies a pride position. After the annexation of the Qutb Shahi Kingdom to the Mughal empire, Hyderabad served as headquarters of the Mughal Government for sometime and finally became the capital of the Nizams. During the 17th and 18th centuries, Hyderabad was famous as a great centre of trade and commerce particularly of precious towns.



Jaipur


Situated about 307 kms. from Delhi, Jaipur present capital of Rajasthan was founded by the Kachhwaha King Sawai Jaisingh II in 1727 as the new capital of his kingdom in place of Amber, Sawai Jaisingh who was a great mathematician and astronomer laid out the city with  mathematical precision. The city was planned like ft board of Chaupar. Jaipur is one of the most well planned cities of Northern India, Sawai Jaisingh built numerous beautiful monuments in his new capital. Some of the important monuments at Jaipur are the Hawa Mahal, Jantar Mantar or astronomical the observatory, palaces and gardens etc. Sawai Jai Singh- II, the founder of Jaipur was a great builder and astronomer, who built five astronomical laboratories at Jaipur, Delhi, Mathura, Varanasi and  Ujjain.


Continue Reading : Historic Cultural Places and Famous Monuments of India (K-P)




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