Thursday, January 3, 2013

Historic Cultural Places and Famous Monuments of India (R-Z)

This is the last part of our list of Historic Monuments and Places in India. If you have missed or want to read the earlier parts then see the bottom of the post.


Rameshwaram Corridor.Situated in the Bay of Bengal at a distance of about 19 km. east-northeast of Vlantapam in Ramnathapuram district of Tamil Nadu, the island at Rameshwaram is an ancient place of Hindu pilgrimage which was used by the epic hero Rama for his successful invasion of Sri Lanka. The name Rameshwaram is derived from Ram and the Eswaram the famous temple of  Ramnathswami stands at the site where the epic hero Rama is said to have worshipped the Shivalingam. In terms of its sculptures and temple of Ramnathswami is one of the finest temples in India. The this temple are the world's longest. The pillars of this corridor are carved out of  solid granite.


Situated about 13 km. to the North east of Sawai Madhopur Rajasthan, Ranthambor was a great fort of Rajasthan. Ranthambor formed part of the Chauhan Kingdom. After the defeat of Prithvi Raj-ll at the hands of  Muhammad Ghori in 1192, his son Govinda founded a Kingdom at Ranthambor. During the Sultanate period. Ranthambor was the  scene of numerous wars between the Sultans of Delhi and the local rulers. One  of the most well known Rajput rulers of Ranthambor was Hammira. The fort of Ranthambor with numerous medieval temples is one of the Rajasthan.


Located about 32 km. north-east of Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh, Sanchi was a great Buddhist settlement teeming the temples, monasteries and stupas, dating from the Mauryan to the medieval times. The most important monument at Sanchi is the great stupa with its four lavishly-carved gateway. The stupa was originally built by Asoka and was expanded during the Shunga period.


Situated about 64 km. west of Chandigarh, Sanghol is now called as Uchapind. It is situated in the Ludhiana district of Punjab. The site of Sanghol has considerable long history from the Harappan period to medieval times, but it has recently come to light with the discovery of several beautiful and wall preserved Kushan sculptures from this place. The Kushan finds at the site indicate that Sanghoi was a very prosperous town during the early centuries of the Christian era.


Located about 10 km. from Varanasi in U. P. Sarnath is one of the four greatest centres of Buddhist pilgrimage where Lord Buddha delivered his first sermon. At Sarnath numerous monasteries, stupas and Buddhist temples were built and the famous Asokan pillar with the four lion-capital, now our National Emblem, have also been found. Sarnath was also once of the greatest centres of north Indian sculptures from the Mauryan to the Gupta times.


Situated about 12 km. from Bangalore in Hassan district of Karnataka. Shravanbelgola is a very ancient centre of Jain pilgrimage. The great Jain Saint  Bhadrabahu, a contemporary of Chandragupta Maurya migrated to this place  from Magadh. Chandragupta Maurya during the later part of his life, Jain and retired to this place. Thousands of Jain inscriptions dating from the 4th  century B. C. to the Vijaynagar period have been found from here. interesting monument at Shravanbelgola is the monolithic Gomateswara which is India's tallest image - its total height from head to toe being 17. 5 metres.

Thanjavur or Tanjore

A city and a district of the same name in Tamil Nadu, Thanjavur was the capital of the great Cholas. Thanjavur owes its greatness to the imperial Cholas who enriched the city with numerous temples and domes. The most famous monument at Thanjavur is the Erinadiswara or the Rajrajeshwara temple built by King Rajaraja-I (985-1041 A. D. ). This temple is a unique repository of illustrations of dance and music.


Situated about 67 km. from Chittur in Andhra Pradesh, Tirupati is famous abode of Lord Venkateswara atop the Tirumala hills. Almost all the early medieval and medieval dynasties of south India, including the Pallavas, the Cholas and the Pandyas of Vijaynagar greatly enriched this temple.

Trichanapali or Tiruchirapalli (Tamil Nadu)

It is famous for the temple of Ranganathaswami at the centre of a small island, surrounded by two streams of Kaveri. On March 25, 1987, the Rajagopuram (main tower) of this temple, which is a 13-tier and 235 feet high tower, was consecrated. It is the tallest tower in Asia.


Located about 267 km. from Jaipur, in Rajasthan. Udaipur was found in 1559 by Rana Udai Singh of Mewar after whom the town is known as Udaipur. After the deservation of Chitor, Udaipur served as the capital of Mewar till its merger in the Indian Union. "Udaipur has been called the city of Lakes", "city of dreams", "Venice of the east", "city of sunrise" and so on. Udaipur was founded around the Pichhola lake. Subsequently, in the 17th century, two unique island palaces Jag Niwas and Jag Mandir were built almost in the middle of the Pichhola lake. Udaipur has several medieval Jain and Hindu temples.


Situated on the banks of river Shipra, Ujjain which was the capital of ancient Avanti, is the modern Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh. From the 4th century B.C. to the 6th century A. D., Ujjain was an important city of the empire of Magadh. From the 9th to the 12th century, it formed part of the Parmar Kingdom. Ujjain was also a great centre of Sanskrit learning and astronomy. The temple of Mahakala here is one of the twelve most famous Shaiva temples in India.


Situated 148 km. from Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh, Warangal which means the city of Stones, is a very ancient city. It was the capital of the Kaktiyas. Warangal also enjoyed high reputation for the manufacture of carpets. Under the Kaktiyas Warangal was double walled city and had 4 gateways. Kaktiyas built hundreds of temples in the city. The Warangal fort, the thousand pillared temple, the Bhadrakali temple, the Ranganath Swami temple, etc., are some of the impressive monuments at Warrangal.

First Part :- Historic Cultural Places and Famous Monuments of India (A-B)

Previous Part :- Historic Cultural Places and Famous Monuments of India (K-P)


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