Thursday, September 13, 2012

Fundamental Unity in Diversity in India


[caption id="attachment_1579" align="aligncenter" width="315"]Fundamental Unity in Diversity in India Fundamental Unity in Diversity in India[/caption]


Geographical Diversity

India is well-known as a land of many diversities and has been described as the "epitome of the world". From the geographical point of view there are endless verities. The size of the country is enormous. It is as large as the whole of Europe and is nearly twenty times as big as Great Britain. The geographical vastness and the wide expanses of the country have resulted in diverse physical features too.

India has winding chains of inaccessible lofty mountains, every kind of climate, amazing variety of latitudes and altitudes, temperature and moisture, India possesses most of the types of flora and fauna known to natural sciences.


Racial Diversity

There is a great variety of racial diversity which India presents through her teaming millions, making India an ethnological museum. Almost all the major racial groups of the world are represented in India. Besides a large number of foreign races such as the Greeks, the Sakas, the Kushanas, the Huns, the Mongols, the Arabs and the Turks have increased the diversities of the country. Probably, no other country of the world has such a great racial diversity as India.


Linguistic Diversity

The racial diversity and vastness of the country have been well reflected in the linguistic diversity. India has as many as 179 languages and 545 dialects though the number of languages that count for their literature is reduced to fifteen. The Indian Constitution itself recognizes 18 languages. There are, in addition, several tribal languages of Austric and Tibeto-Chinese families, spoken by 2 percent of India's population. No other country in the world can claim to have such a formidable linguistic diversity, as India.


Religious Diversity

There is also to be found an equal variety of religions, and India may be described as a museum of world religions. India has been the above of all the principal religions of the world Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Jainism and Buddhism all have their sects and sub-sects in India. The tribals have their own cults.


Social Diversity

The organisation of society, numerous castes, based on the occupational, racial and regional groups have added to the magnitude of social diversity. The social beliefs, customs, and socio-cultural differences vary from state to state.


Cultural Diversity

Conflicting and varying shades of blood, strains of culture and modes of life, all together have built up rich and complex cultural diversity in India. India's culture has developed against a regional and linguistic background. Continuous influx of foreign races into India gave composite character to Indian culture and added yet another diversity to the existing diversities.



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