Thursday, September 13, 2012

Elements of Unity in Diversity in India

In spite of the bewildering diversity in geographical features, race, religion and language of the people, there is a deep underlying fundamental unity in Indian Culture. This unity had undoubtedly been nurtured in recent times by a uniform system of administration and spread of education. But this ideal of unity in India is not a recent growth. The founders of the Indian culture and civilization tried to instill a sense of unity in different walk of life and culture of the people.

Elements of Unity in Diversity in India

Geographical Elements

The conception of India's inherent unity has been developed through the ages on the basis of undivided India stretching from Kashmir to Kanyakumari as a single country. Its unity is writ large on its map. India has been planned by nature as an undisputed geographical unit sharply isolated from the world outside by natural boundaries. The first expression given to this unity was the description of the entire land by the single name of 'Bharatvarsha'.


Racial Elements

India has a great power of fusion and assimilation. Innumerable number of tribes and races coming to India were all absorbed in the broad cultural mainstream of the country. The founders of Indian culture never taught as racial discrimination or hatred and instead propagated the ideal of unity of mankind. Racial diversity gave a variety to Indian culture, which is its unique feature.


Linguistic Elements

Side by side with this linguistic variety operates the unifying influence of Sanskrit, the mother of most of the Indian languages. Sanskrit has been acknowledged as the one sacred language by all sections of the people irrespective of their race, rank or creed. Most of the Indian languages have ben influence by Sanskrit, which may be regarded as a 'mother language' of India. What Sanskrit had done in the past, the English and Hindi languages are trying to do now.


Religious Elements

There has been an under-current of religious unity among the various religious sects in the country. The basic unity of all religions has been the main theme of the Indian preachers, philosophers and thinkers, and therefore, religious diversity has prospered under the cover of basic unity. The concept of 'One in Many' and of universal morality as essence of religion have provided the essence of religious unity.

A permanent and characteristically Indian expression of his religious unit is the network of shrines and sacred places with which the country has been covered. The concept of pilgrimage was perfected as an expression of love for the motherland and as a means of acquiring an intimate knowledge of the land of ancient times.


Social Elements

The fundamental basis of the social life of the whole country is common. The concept of the joint family, although essentially a feature of Hindu society became a common feature of the Indian social life. The social values, festivals, special ceremonies, modes of live, etc. are also common to all the communities and sects.


Political Elements

The rulers of India tried to establish their way over the whole country and fostered its unity. The term 'Ekrat' is more significant as applying to "kings ruling over the whole country". The geographical conception of the identity and individually of the country in all its vastness and variety led to the attainment of its political unification under various sovereigns. The concept of united India, both as a geographical and political unit, has received highest attention of the Indian people and they have been conscious of maintaining the unity of India.


Cultural Elements

A peculiar type of culture utterly different from any other type in the world has been evolved among the diverse communities in India. This culture has a fundamental unity. Inspite of different languages, customs, political disunity and geographical impediments, a uniform cultural stamp was printed upon the literature and thoughts of all the different units of India. There has been a basic unity of literary ideas, philosophy, conventions and outlook of the people throughout the country. There has been close socio-cultural cooperation among the followers of different creeds and communities. Instances of their close friendship are abundant. Indian art, literature and music have greatly helped in strengthening this cultural unity. The composite culture of India is a living example of her fundamental cultural unity.


Thus inspite of its astounding diversity, India is herself an living example of the doctrine of one in many. There is a profound unity in diversity - a unity far more strong and deep-rooted than that crate by geographical isolation or political suzerainty - "a unity that transcends the innumerable diversities of blood, colour, language, dress, manners and sects".


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