Yesterday we had explained you about the Agricultural Land Use Pattern In India, so now we will talk about the Major food crops and their distribution in India.
Rice: It’s grown over around 29 percent (43,70 million hectare) on the cropped area. India stands next and then China in the manufacture of rice contributing 22.3% worldwide production. West Bengal may be the largest rice producing state adding to more than 15.81% in the rice manufacture of India. Next is Andhra Pradesh with 12.75% and Uttar Pradesh with 12.13%. However, yield per hectare is highest in Punjab and Karnataka (42.97% and 31.87% respectively).
Wheat: Wheat is the second important food grain of India, 13.79% on the gross cropped area is devoted to wheat. Area under wheat increased from 9.7 million hectare in 1950-51 to 26.48 million hectares in 2006-07 and wheat production recorded eleven fold increase. The countries producing more wheat than India include the Soviet Union, America and China. Over 35.5 percent of the nation’s total wheat output originates from Uttar Pradesh, Punjab (20%), Haryana (12.68%). The crop shares about 21 percent with the area under food grains and is the reason for about 34 percent of the total food grains production in the united states.
Millets: Millets like Jowar, bajra, maize and ragi are very important cereal crops of India, There’re primarily crops with the dry areas of the Deccan. Gujarat, and rajasthan, These Kharif crops are grown where there isn’t enough rain to grow rice. These are manufactured in your order ragi, jowar and bajra, since the rainfall continues decreasing from your semi-humid to semi-arid regions.
Jowar: Jowar ranks third in area among food grains. The cutting edge jowar producing states are Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. It truly is both Kharif and Rabi crop and about 8.51 million hectares (5%) are focused on this crop in India. Half of jowar grow in Maharashtra (51.11%)/
Bajra: Bajra is generally grown on poor light sandy soils of western Rajasthan (35.94%), Northern Gujarat (13.93%), Uttar Pradesh (16.28%), Haryana (8.85%), and Maharashtra (13.41%). South, it’s cultivated on shallow black and red and upland gravelly soils. It occupies 9.48 million hectares (about 5.0% of cropped perhaps the country).
Maize: Maize was introduced in India from America at the start in the 17th century. It is deemed an important food crop now from the Great Plains and the hilly and submontane tracts with the North. Green maize provides sweet and succulent fodder. Maize is a millet crop and contains a location of production next just to jowar and bajra. It occupies 7.7% of the cropped part of the country. Its highest concentration is situated Andhra Pradesh (21.1%, Karnataka (18.56%), Bihar (9.25%), Rajasthan (7.48%) and Madhya Pradesh (8.5%) of all India production.
Ragi is a millet, specifically in south Karnataka where millions utilize it as staple food. It is raise about the red, light black and sandy loams of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and also the well-drained alluvial loams of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Gujarat.
Barley is a crucial cereal crop in numerous aspects of northern India. Additionally it is employed for melting from the manufacture of beer and whisky. It’s rabi crop in the Great Plains and valleys on the western Himalyas. Uttar Pradesh and Rajashtan together lead within the total area and total output of barley near your vicinity.
Pulses: Inside our predominantly starchy vegetarian diet pulses form an essential part since they provide us vegetable protein. Being leguminous crops, pulses fix atmospheric nitrogen inside the soil and as such are often rotated with other crops to keep up or restore soil fertility. Pulses are seasonal crops in India. India tops the planet in pulses production.
National Project on Organic Farming
While using view to market organic farming practices to lessen the responsibility on chemical fertilizers, to insure effective utilization of farm resources and to cater domestic and International growing Organic Food market, a National Project on Organic Farming premiered during 10th Plan through an outlay of Rs.115.0 crores. The earlier scheme “National Project on Development and employ of Bio fertilizers” have been merged using the “National Project on Organic Farming”
National Food Security Mission
The Department of Agriculture and Cooperation Ministry of Agriculture, has launched a Centrally sponsored scheme on National Food Security Mission (NFSM) in pursuance on the resolution on the national Development Council (NDC) to improve producing rice, wheat and pulses by 10.8 and a couple million tons, respectively, within the benchmark numbers of production, through the end in the Eleventh Five Year Plan period. The Mission, which includes been launched from Rabi 2007-08, aims at increasing food grains output of the above crops through area expansion and productivity enhancement; restoring soil fertility and productivity; creating employment opportunity; and enhancing farm level economy to regenerate confidence of farmers of targeted districts.
Major Producing States
1. Food Grains – Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal.
2. Wheat – Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh.
3. Rice – Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal.
4. Coarse Cereals – Maharashtra, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh
5. Pulses – Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan.
Price stabilization Fund for Plantation of Crops
The value Stabilization Fund Scheme (PSFS) for tea, coffee, rubber and tobacco growers premiered in April 2003 from the backdrop of decline in unit value realization of such commodities, sometimes falling below their expense of production. The goal of PSF was to safeguard the interests of growers and supply financial relief when prices fall below a specified level without relying on the method of procurement operations by the Government Agencies.